The drug is the brainchild of the Franco-Canadian-American Corporation Wyett. In the 1970s and 1980s, it was widely used in the West for the prevention of osteoporosis, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, menopausal syndrome and menstrual disorders, infertility and weakness of labor, hypertension in menopause and peripheral vascular spasms. These are conditions, which almost every woman is familiar with. As you know, in the female body for all functions associated with childbirth, female hormones, the so-called estrogens, are responsible. The most important are estradiol and estrone. They are obtained from the urine of pregnant women and prescribed to patients, because it is believed that their problems stem from a lack of their own hormones.
What Premarin is Used For?
Women experiencing uncomfortable symptoms of menopause, such as burning, dryness, and itching in the vagina, can turn to Premarin, a brand name medication available in both tablet and cream form. This female hormone has been known to help alleviate those uninviting signs.
Estrogen levels in the body tend to deplete over time, leading to notable symptoms. It’s noteworthy that Premarin can be costly in all its available forms. Here is further information regarding the usage of this medication in its different forms.
- Hot flashes, night sweats, and flushes associated with menopause
- Vaginal dryness and pain caused by menopause
- Low estrogen levels due to certain conditions
- Alleviation of pain caused by breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body
- Management of pain caused by advanced prostate cancer
- Prevention of bone loss (osteoporosis) after menopause
- Treatment of vaginal thinning, dryness, and pain
- Relief from severe itching and inflammation in the vagina
- Alleviation of pain experienced during vaginal intercourse due to menopause
Note: When relieving symptoms of vaginal menopause, foremost select treatments which are applied directly to the vaginal area. The administration of estrogen through other means, such as orally, by topical application, or with injections, could have detrimental consequences due to outpouring of the hormone.
How Does Premarin Work?
Before taking Premarin, you’re recommended to learn what effects it has.
- Lessens bone resorption Ca2 + amid menopause;
- Keeps the involution of genitalia;
- Has a hypolipidemic impact;
- Lessens the grouping of LDL in the blood;
- Increments – HDL, affectability to the activity of insulin;
- Improves glucose usage;
- Animates the creation of liver globulins that quandary sex hormones, renin and blood thickening variables;
- Influences the trading of Ca2 + and phosphorus (adds to the conservation of the typical structure of bones, in a roundabout way adds to the development of the skeleton and its last development).
When Is Premarin Prescribed?
In the female body, estrogen is created mostly in the ovaries and assumes a critical job in the advancement of essential and auxiliary sexual qualities amid adolescence, and later in the ordinary working of the female conceptive framework. Estrogen invigorates the development of the endometrium of the uterus following menstrual dying, setting it up for future pregnancy.
Stores of fat on the female body (on the thighs and chest) – this is likewise crafted by the hormone estrogen. Estrogen stimulatingly affects mind cells, improves memory, and counteracts dementia. The majority of the organs in our body have receptors that are delicate to the activity of estrogen: skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular framework, musculoskeletal framework, uterus, mammary organs. Estrogen makes a lady a real woman: hot and alluring.
At the point when the body keeps up a condition of hormonal equalization, every hormone plays out its capacities, guaranteeing the amicable work of the entire life form overall. In any case, at about age 35, the female body starts to encounter variances in the generation of hormones, for example, estrogen and progesterone (a hormone that adjusts estrogen). This stage is called premenopause. From this time until menopause, the blend of the hormone estrogen steadily diminishes by a normal of 25–30%. In the meantime, progesterone union drops strongly by a normal of 70–75%. In view of this distinction in the generation of estrogen and progesterone, keeping up a typical dimension of estrogen in ladies is ending up increasingly troublesome. It was as of now that the majority of us start to understanding (to a more prominent or lesser degree) different issues with the menstrual cycle, unexpected emotional episodes, cerebral pains, diminished moxie, unexplained weakness, and weight gain. These are side effects of estrogen predominance.
The drug Premarin is used to treat one of the following health conditions:
- peritoneal and postmenopausal replacement therapy;
- ovarian hypofunction;
- sexual infantilism,
- secondary estrogen insufficiency (including after ovariectomy for non-malignant diseases or after radiation failure or after heart failure or for radiation failure or after radiation, for example, for non-malignant diseases or for radiation failure or for heart failure, including after ovariectomy for non-malignant diseases or after radiation failure or for heart failure or for radiation failure, breast carcinoma (some inoperable forms), androgen-dependent prostate carcinoma.
- menopausal syndrome (“flushing” of blood to the skin of the upper half of the body, increased sweating, sleep disturbances, irritability, depression, atrophic urethritis and vaginitis);
- postmenopausal osteoporosis;
- prevention of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases in menopause.
What Dosage Regimen Should You Stick To?
Tablets of Premarin are taken orally. The average dose for cyclic use – 0.625-1.25 mg / day for 21 days, with a break of 7 days for all indications, except for individual cases of carcinoma of the breast, prostate and prevent lactostasis.
- With continuous treatment, it is taken once per day. In the presence of menstrual bleeding, treatment begins with the 5th day of the menstrual cycle, and from 15 to 21 days, an additional progestogen is prescribed. With a long absence of menstruation, treatment begins on any given day. If necessary, for 5-7 days of treatment, the daily dose may be increased to 3.75 mg, then it is reduced to 1.25 mg.
- When intermenstrual bloody discharge during estrogen therapy, the dose of the latter increases. In the next cycle, prescribe the dose of the drug, which was required to stop the bleeding in the previous cycle. In subsequent cycles, the estrogen dose is gradually reduced to a maintenance one.
- When menopausal syndrome is prescribed in cycles of 1.25 mg of the drug daily. Doses reduce or increase depending on the severity of the symptoms and the response of the patient. In postmenopause, as a substitution treatment for conditions caused by estrogen deficiency, 0.3-1.25 mg, daily, in cycles. After ovariectomy and with primary ovarian dysfunction – 1.25 mg / day continuously or in cycles.
- With dysfunctional uterine bleeding – 3.75-7.5 mg / day (in divided doses). It is believed that the bleeding can be stopped for 2-5 days. If it does not stop, it is recommended to increase the dose of the drug by 50% or more. In the last 5-10 days of estrogen therapy, progestin is prescribed orally. Bleeding should stop 2-5 days after the end of therapy.
- Whenever you have hypogonadism – 2.5-7.5 mg day by day for 20 days, trailed by a break for 10 days. On the off chance that the draining does not come toward the finish of this period, a similar treatment is rehashed. The quantity of courses of estrogen treatment relies upon the affectability of the endometrium. On the off chance that draining happens toward the finish of the tenth day of the period, start the 20-day estrogen-progestin cycle.
You should follow the dosage instructions notto face unwanted adverse reactions.
What Side Effects Are Possible?
Check what side effects you may face when taking Premarin.
- Cerebral pain,
- weight gain,
- uterine dying,
- facial skin pigmentation,
- erythema nodosum,
- transient increment in plasma dimensions of transaminases, hyperbilirubinemia;
- unfavorably susceptible response (rash);
- once in a while – hemorrhagic skin rash, endometrial tumors.
It is not obligatory that you will suffer from one of the above-mentioned reactions but you should be careful. If you have noticed that you have started to gain weight or you have some allergic reactions, contact your healthcare specialist to avoid any risks for your health condition.
Important: With caution, this medicine should be prescribed for people who have one of the listed diseases: diabetes, arterial hypertension, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, porphyria, tetany, mastopathy, thyrotoxicosis.
Don’t Take Premarin If You Have Such Health Problems:
- Bosom disease and estrogen-subordinate neoplasms;
- uterine seeping of obscure etiology;
- thrombophlebitis, an infringement of the blood coagulation framework, thromboembolic infections;
- extreme maladies of the cardiovascular framework;
- extreme weakened liver or kidney work;
- sickle cell weakness;
- innate hearing misfortune;
- long immobilization.
In case you have been examined and it was found that you have at least one of the above-mentioned health problems, you are prohibited to take the drug. Otherwise, you may harm yourself instead of getting benefits from the treatment course.